The history should be structured and logical. A full psychiatric assessment includes a thorough history and mental state examination.
Components of the Psychiatric History
- Introduce yourself fully. Explain who you are and the purpose of the interview.
- Put patient at ease and build a rapport.
- Inform patient of timings of the interview. How long will it roughly take?
- Need to take notes
- Confidentiality issues.
- Lives where & who with.
Brief description of the main complaint(s) and the timescale of the problem in the individual's own words.
[ Problem; If patient is psychotic this may be difficult. Patient often does not believe a problem exists. In this case, try to comment on the presenting complaint as described by an informant e.g. family member, friend, GP. Clues can also be picked up by observing the patient's actions, body language and speech ]
- Explore in detail any previous diagnoses or contact with any psychiatric or other mental health services.
- Record (as far as possible): Dates of illness, symptoms, diagnoses, treatments, any hospitalizations, outpatient treatments, any compulsory treatment under the mental health act.
Any medical problems?
- List all current prescription or over the counter medications used.
- Note any drug allergies
- Ask about any drug misuse; type of drug, route of administration, source, cost etc.
- Alcohol use. Record units of alcohol used. Use CAGE questionnaire if necessary.
- Remember to also ask about tobacco.
- Explore family relationships in detail. If helpful, draw a family tree.
- Record; age, health, occupation, quality of relationship, family history of mental illness (incl. Alcoholism, deliberate self harm and suicide) as well as any other serious family illnesses.
Also, record the times of any important family events such as death, divorce, separation and the impact these may have had on the patient.
This is the patient's personality before the onset of mental illness. It is often useful to ask partners, family members about this.
Things to ask the patient include;
- How they would describe themselves or how others would describe them.
- What is their mood like on MOST occasions.
- Ask about social relationships and support
- Interests and other recreational activites
- Religious or moral beliefs
- Coping mechanisms, emotional reactions, character.
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